The definition of 'Annual report'

What is an Annual Report?

An annual report is a comprehensive look into a company’s previous years activities and highlights the companies financial health. These reports inform shareholders, and other interested parties, about what the company has done and how it has performed financially that year. Publicly listed companies are required to prepare and disclose annual reports to shareholders while privately held companies may just be required to file them with the registers.

What does an annual report consist of?

  • An explanation of accounting practices and principles used to determine the state of accounts in the annual report
  • Information on the events that have influenced the company's accounting throughout the year
  • A statement from the management team that paints an accurate picture of the financial health and development of the company
  • An auditors report if required
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Why is the annual report important?

The report is important because it can help investors, creditors, and potential acquirers, understand the strengths and weaknesses of the company they may have invested in or be considering investing in. The annual report provides a picture of corporate earnings and lays out why things have or have not gone to plan and what the management is hoping to do to correct/improve the situation.

How does this factor in with early stage investments?

An investor can learn a lot about the company and its management team from the thoroughness of its annual reports. While companies who may be struggling, or lack confidence in their product/service may pay the annual report lip service, those who truly believe in the business and are transparent and thorough about the strengths, weaknesses, and financial health of the business will provide a solid annual report.